Comparative effects of crop residue incorporation and inorganic potassium fertilization on soil C and N characteristics and microbial activities in cotton field
By Fan Qin on Dec 24, 2019

Agronomy & physiology JCR

[Background] Crop residue incorporation into the soil is an effective method to augment soil potassium (K) content, and effects of crop residue and K fertilizer on soil K balance have been compared. However, their influences on other soil characteristics such as carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) characteristics and microbial activities have not been quan...

Bt insecticidal efficacy variation and agronomic regulation in Bt cotton
By Fan Qin on Dec 23, 2019

JCR

Abstract: The bollworm can be controlled effectively with Bacillus thuringiensistransgenic cotton (Bt cotton) which is being applied worldwide. However, the insecticidal efficacy is not stable. Here we give a summary of research progress for the mechanism of the altered insecticidal efficacy, factors affecting the expression of insect resistance, a...

Evaluation of the genetic diversity of fibre quality traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) inferred from phenotypic variations
By Fan Qin on Dec 23, 2019

Breeding JCR Fiber Quality

[Background] Evaluating phenotypic traits is very important for the selection of elite lines in Gossypium hirsutum L. Cotton breeders are interested in using diverse genotypes in hybridization that can segregate for traits of interested with the possibility of selection and genetic gain. Information on phenotypic and molecular diversity helps the b...

Towards improving drought resistance and lodging resistance in cotton
By Fan Qin on Dec 12, 2019

JCR

Abstract: Cotton is one of the most important fiber and oil crop in the world and the fiber yield as well as quality traits are negatively affected by drought and lodging. Improving root gravitropism is a very effective way to enhance the crop resistance to drought and lodging stresses. Recent advance in origin and formation of root gravitropism ma...

Antioxidant and Physiological Responses of Upland Cotton Accessions Grown Under High-Temperature Regimes
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Nov 29, 2019

Agronomy & physiology

Increased temperature caused by climate change is exerting negative impacts on productivity of cotton crop. Therefore, breeding cultivars tolerant of high temperature are need of the time. Realizing the situation, 154 accessions of upland cotton were sown under alpha lattice design in three replications in two sowing dates. The first sowing date wa...

Transgenic crops for the agricultural improvement in Pakistan
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Nov 29, 2019

Biotechnology

Transgenic technologies have emerged as a powerful tool for crop improvement in terms of yield, quality, and quantity in many countries of the world. However, concerns also exist about the possible risks involved in transgenic crop cultivation. In this review, literature is analyzed to gauge the real intensity of the issues caused by environmental...

GENE FLOW FROM MAJOR GENETICALLY MODIFIE D CROPS AND STRATEGIES FOR C ONTAINMENT AND MITIG ATION OF TRANSGENE ESCAPE: A
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Nov 29, 2019

Biotechnology

Recent advancements in biotechnology resulted in rapid adoption of genetically modified (GM) crops in the agriculture systems. At the same time, transgene escape has also been reported and examples reveal global dimension of the problem. Pollen mediated gene flow (PMGF) is the major pathway for transgene escape. Almost all transgenes have been esca...

Genetic effects conferring heat tolerance in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Nov 29, 2019

Biomol - Biotechnology

Cotton belongs to family Malvaceae containing more than 200 genera and about 2 300 species. There are more than 50 species of Gossypium reported till now, which are native to Africa, Australia, Central and South America and Asia, respectively (Fryxell 1992; Wendel and Grover 2015). Out of 50 species, only four are domesticated and widespread....

Role of SNPs in determining QTLs for major traits in cotton
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Nov 29, 2019

Biotechnology

A single nucleotide polymorphism is the simplest form of genetic variation among individuals and can induce minor changes in phenotypic, physiological and biochemical characteristics. This polymorphism induces various mutations that alter the sequence of a gene which can lead to observed changes in amino acids. Several assays have been developed...

Large-scale inversions majorly drive upland cotton population differentiation
By Fan Qin on Nov 22, 2019

JCR

Journal of Cotton Research Abstract: Recently, Li and his team hosted a project on roles of inversion in upland cotton population differentiation. Strikingly, genomic comparison identified, and subsequent RIL population and germplasm panel haplotype analyses confirmed, that large-scale inversions on chromosome At08 are widely distributed and h...

Down regulation of cotton GbTRP1 leads to accumulation of anthranilates and confers resistance to Verticillium dahliae
By Fan Qin on Nov 13, 2019

Disease control Biomol - Biotechnology Cotton Genome Biotechnology JCR

Journal of Cotton Research [Background] Verticillium wilt, caused by Verticillium dahliae, is called a “cancer” disease of cotton. The discovery and identification of defense-related genes is essential for the breeding of Verticillium wilt-resistant varieties. In previous research we identified some possible broad-spectrum resistance genes. Here,...

Abstracts of "3rd Sino-Pak ICICBB" Changji, China 4-9 September 2019
By Fiaz Ahmad on Oct 31, 2019

Climate change Agro-physio-Asia Climate-Asia Breeding-Asia

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High-throughput phenotyping in cotton: a review
By Fan Qin on Oct 31, 2019

JCR

Abstract Recent technological advances in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) phenotyping have offered tools to improve the efficiency of data collection and analysis. High-throughput phenotyping (HTP) is a non-destructive and rapid approach of monitoring and measuring multiple phenotypic traits related to the growth, yield, and adaptation to biotic...

Identification and Functional Analysis of Betv1 in Three D Genome-containing Wild Cotton Varieties
By Quanyi LIU on Oct 29, 2019

Uncategorized Disease control Biomol - Biotechnology

Abstract: [Objective] By analyzing the major birch pollen allergen Betv1 gene family in D genomes of cotton and comparing the expression patterns of three diploid D-genome cotton varieties with different Verticillium wilt resistance levels, we aimed to provide a theoretical basis for further studies on the role of Betv1 genes in cotton resistant...

Comparative transcriptional analysis provides insights of possible molecular mechanisms of wing polyphenism induced by postnatal crowding in Aphis gossypii
By Quanyi LIU on Oct 29, 2019

Crop Protection Biomol - Biotechnology JCR

Background Aphis gossypii is a worldwide sap-sucking pest with a variety of hosts and a  vector of more than 50 plant viruses. The strategy of wing polyphenism, mostly resulting from population density increasing, contributes to the evolutionary success of this pest. However, the related molecular basis remains unclear. Here, we identified the eff...

Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of DNA demethylase family in cotton
By Fan Qin on Oct 9, 2019

Biomol - Biotechnology JCR

Journal of Cotton Research [Background] DNA methylation is an important epigenetic factor that maintains and regulates gene expression. The mode and level of DNA methylation depend on the roles of DNA methyltransferase and demethylase, while DNA demethylase plays a key role in the process of DNA demethylation. The results showed that the plant’s D...

An isopentyl transferase gene driven by the senescence-inducible SAG12 promoter improves salinity stress tolerance in cotton
By Fan Qin on Oct 9, 2019

Biomol - Biotechnology Environment JCR

Journal of Cotton Research [Background] Soil salinity seriously affects cotton growth, leading to the reduction of yield and fiber quality. Recently, genetic engineering has become an efficient tool to increase abiotic stress tolerance in crops. [Results] In this study, isopentyl transferase (IPT), a key enzyme involved in cytokinin (CTK) biosy...

World Cotton Day
By Fiaz Ahmad on Oct 4, 2019

Uncategorized

07 October 2019 has been announced as World Cotton Day by WTO. Cotton community will celebrate this day across the globe. The WTO Secretariat is organizing the event at WTO Headquarters Geneva in collaboration with the Secretariats of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Developm...

Genetic analysis of yield and fiber quality traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) cultivated in different ecological regions of China
By Fan Qin on Sep 6, 2019

Breeding & Genetic improvement Biomol - Biotech-Asia JCR Fiber Quality

Journal of Cotton Research [Background] Cotton is an important fiber crop worldwide. The yield potential of current genotypes of cotton can be exploited through hybridization. However, to develop superior hybrids with high yield and fiber quality traits, information of genetic control of traits is prerequisite. Therefore, genetic analysis plays pi...

JCR-QTL mapping for fiber quality and yield-related traits across multiple generations in segregating population of CCRI 70
By Fan Qin on Sep 4, 2019

Biomol - Biotech-Asia Biotechnology JCR Fiber Quality

Journal of Cotton Reseach [Background] Cotton is a significant economic crop that plays an indispensable role in many domains. Gossypium hirsutum L. is the most important fiber crop worldwide and contributes to more than 95% of global cotton production. Identifying stable quantitative trait locus (QTLs) controlling fiber quality and yield related...