AGRONOMIC MANAGEMENT OF EXTRA FINE COTTON FOR HIGHER GRADES IN EGYPT
Mar 10, 2017

Breeding & Genetic improvement WCRC Breeding-MedMiddleEast WCRC1
Introduction                                                               Back to Table of contents

Egyptian cotton is the major cash crop of Egypt.  It is the main item affecting the Egyptian economy.  Over two million people are dependent on it for their livelihood.  Cotton is mainly used for clothing.  Its oil and oil seed cake are two by-products used by man and animal.

Cotton growing started in Egypt in 1820, when a Frenchman, Monsieur Jumel, discovered a kind of fine cotton that was planted in an orchard.  Mohamed Ali Pasha, the founder of Modern Egypt imported some Sea Island and Brazilian cotton seeds between 1832 and 1865.  We believe these three varieties are the origin of Egyptian cotton.

Cotton growing and production was monopolized by the government up to 1840, when it was liberated by Said Pasha, the governor of Egypt at that time; since then it greatly flourished.  Strangely enough we realized that the same applies now.  Thirty years after nationalization of the cotton trade, it seems the only way for cotton to regain its glory is to go back to free trade.

....More in the downloadable file

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