Cotton research aspects in Greece
Jun 16, 2019
Network coordination Network-MedMiddleEast
Tsaliki and A. Kaliva
Hellenic Agricultural Organization – DEMETER
Plant Breeding and Genetic Resources Institute, Thermi Thessaloniki – Greece
Cotton is a major agricultural crop in Greece, accounting for more than 8 percent of total agricultural output. More than 55,000 farmers grow cotton, producing about 80 percent of the EU production. The cultivated area in Greece ﬂuctuates last years among 250000 – 300000 ha and the average seed-cotton yield is 3000 kg/ha. According to European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy, sustainable production techniques are followed and more precisely the System of Integrated Management in Cotton Agro 2- 2/2.
Greece is a major cotton exporter. Domestic spinners consume approximately 10 percent of lint production and the remainder is exported mainly to Turkey but also to Egypt, Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom. There are roughly 30 ginning companies in Greece with a total of about 65 ginning units.
The Greek Universities (Aristotelian University of Thessaloniki - Faculty of Agriculture, Agriculture University of Athens, the University of Thessaly -Faculty of Agriculture and the Democritus University of Thrace - Faculty of Agricultural Development) and the former Cotton and Industrial Plants Institute (now Plant Breeding and Genetic Resources Institute belonging to Hellenic Agricultural Organization - DEMETER) are occupied with research cotton matters funded mainly by National and European Union programmes, also with private companies research departments.
The research sectors of our Institute aimed not only to technical innovations resulting in cotton varieties adapted in Greek climate and environment with high yield and extremely good quality but also to cover all the aspects of the cultivation and production of cotton like co- cultivation of cotton with legumes, non tillage and strip tillage cultivation of cotton and irrigation of cotton with municipal waste water.
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