Recent Advances in Cotton Production for Efficient Insect Pest Management
Mar 6, 2019

Crop Protection WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT
Insect pests sometimes cause a complete crop loss in India. Integrated pest management programmes world-wide emphasize the importance of agronomic practices but the bet options are seldom exercised. With the current scenario in India of pest management problems in cotton where none of the methods offer adequate control, it is felt increasingly that one of the reasons for the crisis is neglect of appropriate agronomic practices. This paper describes agronomic strategies for pest management based on all insect ecological aspects studied so far, including crop phenology relative to insect attacks. Strategies that have been demonstrated successfully so far by the Central Institute for Cotton Research (CICR) include crop rotation with sorghum, destruction of crop residues and alternate hosts, selection of sucking pest tolerant cultivars, synchronized sowing with correct spacing for the soil type, paired row planting irrigation, balanced application of organic and inorganic nutrients, intercropping with crops such as cowpea, green gram, foxtail millet or onion, avoidance of intercrops like bhendi, tomato, brinjal, castor bean and removal of weeds with clean cultivation and discouragement of monocropping


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